This week we are looking at a note from Ghana. The Republic of Ghana, as it is officially known, is a country in West Africa. Ghana is popular with tourists for its beautiful waterfalls, caves, mountains, beaches and rivers. It is one of the top producers of gold and diamonds in the world, and a major producer of cocoa. Ghana is a presidential democracy, but still holds on to tradition by being home to the Ashanti Empire and giving them constitutional protection.
The note for this blog-ette is the 2 Cedis p37Ad (BNB152) 2017. This note has English text. On the front of the note is a stack of nine gold bars, a star, Ghana’s coat of arms, and a statue and image of Kwame Nkrumah wearing a robe. On the back of the note are the old and new parliament buildings in Accra, and gold bars. The watermark for this note is Tetteh Quarshie and cocoa pod.
Kwame Nkrumah was a political leader who helped Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, gain its independence from Britain. Nkrumah was interested in politics from an early age, and continued his studies in the United States. Once finishing his master’s degrees, he moved to England to form the 5th Pan-African Congress, and later moved back to the Gold Coast. Nkrumah advocated for nonviolent protests, strikes, and for noncooperation with British authorities. He was briefly imprisoned, and during his imprisonment became the first Prime Minister of the Gold Coast in 1952.
In 1957, the Gold Coast would become Ghana. An independent state within the British Commonwealth. Nkrumah built roads, schools, healthcare facilities, and became very popular with Ghanaians. However, Kwame Nkrumah’s government proved to be authoritarian, and allowed people to become imprisoned without trial. In 1960, Ghana became the Republic of Ghana and Kwame Nkrumah became president. In the following years, many of the projects Nkrumah’s government were working on proved to be disastrous, and crippled Ghana in debt. Ultimately, his authoritarian rule and Ghana’s increasing poverty level led to the downfall of Kwame Nkrumah. In 1962, there was an attempted assassination, and in 1966 the military and police took control of the country while Nkrumah was traveling in Beijing. He found asylum in Guinea, where he lived for the rest of his life until his passing in 1972.
In this blog-ette, we looked at the delightful yellow note from Ghana. The 2 Cedis note features two images of Kwame Nkrumah. This note was released on the 60th anniversary of Ghana’s Independence which might be why we see images of Kwame Nkrumah. To learn more about this note, head to our website.
Denomination: 2 Cedis
Pick #: 37Ad
Banknote Book #: 152d
Other Info: 4th August 2017; signature 15: Addison
Depictions: Kwame Nikrumah; Crest; Old and New Parliament building
Note Size: 5 1/2″ x 2 3/4 “
Watermark: Tetteh Quarshie and cocoa pod.